By 2022, India aims to achieve 175 GW installed renewable energy capacity followed by its commitment under the NDC to meet 40% of its energy from non-fossil fuel sources by 2030. Time and again, the Government of India has taken several progressive measures to enable this rapid decarbonization drive. With 2021 to be a charged year for climate politics and COP 26 scheduled at the end of the year, there are high expectations from India. We feel that while India is “walking the talk” towards a global climate change commitment, greater emphasis is required to implement its clean energy ambition whether 175 GW or 450 GW RE and hence, showcase serious intent to mitigate its key emission sectors.

With India energy sector resting on the pillars of clean energy, energy security and energy reliability, there is an ardent need to re-look at the traditional supply chain and undertake steps to Renovate, Modernize & Retire its most polluting power source – coal. Coal fired generation is not only responsible for its large carbon emissions and its adverse health impacts but is also leading to rising public costs. The rapidly declining PLFs of the coal-fleet has been posing a risk for the viability of these projects.

Against this background, we are conducting a study to analyze the retirement of some of the coal-fired plants in the next decade to ensure a sustainable and clean energy transition. This paper makes a brief attempt to capture the first part of the overall analysis by capturing the trends and reasons for forced outages of the 281 operational coal-fired units with commissioning dates between 1960-2009. We are considering a variety of parameters such as power plants’ age, capacity, PLF, number of outage days, generation loss, CEA retirement plan etc. to identify the retirement qualifying plants.